Exosome Therapy and Treatment
At Dr. Linette Williamson MD in Carlsbad, CA, we offer a range of innovative therapies to address pain and inflammation. Exosome therapy is just one way of relieving pain without the need to resort to surgery or harsh medications with undesirable side effects.
What Is Exosome Therapy?
This is the newest frontier in cellular regeneration techniques, following in the footsteps of other proven therapies like stem cell therapy and platelet-rich plasma. This treatment can improve signaling between cells, lower inflammation, cause cells to regenerate, and modify the body's immune response when it's not healthy.
Exosomes are small vesicles released by all the cells, but particularly by stem cells. They are, basically, little messengers carrying essential signaling proteins and genetic information from cell to cell.
Their main job is to act as a connection between all our cells, facilitating communication whether cells are near to each other or distant. The information they carry tells our cells to turn on or off particular functions or to react in a particular way.
What It Has to Do With Pain
When our stem cells are communicating well with each other and doing their job, they hurry to the site of injury and begin repairing tissues. As we age, they become less and less efficient at this process. Injuries take longer to heal and degenerative conditions overwhelm us.
It's not just age that can cause a problem. Environmental aspects, genetic disorders, and chronic conditions like Lyme, autoimmune disorders, or chronic inflammation can interfere or dysregulate the signaling between cells, leaving them unable to reduce inflammation and repair tissues.
How Exosome Therapy Works
Exosome therapy is responsible, among other things, for helping both the T-cells and NK cells in our immune system. T-cells are responsible for calming an immune reaction, while NK cells are in charge of ramping up that response. We require both, but when NK cells aren't "turned off" or T-cells aren't "turned on," pain and inflammation are usually the result.
When exosomes are delivered directly into an affected joint, they start signaling to the cells to return to healthy function. They send proteins into the walls of the cells telling the cells how to regulate themselves. There are two stages to the body's reaction. In the first stage, which happens almost immediately, the inflammatory response is turned off. In the second stage, the exosomes essentially inform the cells how to regulate themselves properly in the future, leading to long-lasting relief.
Who Is This Therapy For?
There are many disorders that can be improved with this treatment or a combo of exosome treatment and various other interventions. It shows particular promise in the treatment of chronic inflammation, pain from autoimmune disorders or fibromyalgia, degenerative diseases, and Lyme disease.
When you visit us for an appointment, we will carefully examine your unique medical history, physiology, and issues and help you choose the best therapies for the best possible outcome.
How Does Therapy Work?
Exosomes are simply injected into the area in question, which is often a joint. The exosomes themselves are highly concentrated: just one milliliter of the solution can have as many as 1 billion to 15 billion exosomes. The dosing depends on your unique needs and the treatment plan we come up with together.
The entire thing happens in our office on an outpatient basis. There is no need to make special arrangements, and there is no long downtime period for recovery.
Is This a Safe Therapy?
Your body makes and utilizes exosomes all the time and knows what to do with them. No long-term adverse side effects have ever been reported with this therapy.
Where Do Exosomes Originate from?
Exosomes are drawn from MSC or Mesenchymal stem cells. These stem cells are unique in the body in that they have the power to differentiate. While all other cells divide and multiply, creating a new cell of exactly the same kind as the original, MSC cells have the ability to turn into any type of cell at all.
How Many Treatments Are Necessary?
Therapy is as distinct as every patient that walks through our doors. For some individuals, just one treatment is enough. Others may need several doses to get the results they need. Still others will just need an occasional booster treatment.
How Long Does It Take to See Results?
Your results will generally depend on your age, the extent of your condition, and for how long you've been suffering. As we age, our bodies become slower to respond to stem cell signals. But do not be discouraged if results aren't immediate.
Since it takes the body time to repair itself, it's normal to need three to four months at least to begin seeing the real benefits. The best results typically manifest around nine months after treatment.