What exactly is infusion therapy?
Infusion therapy is when you receive medication through a needle or catheter, usually intravenously (IV). Other types of infusion therapy include:
Some medications can't be taken orally because they lose their effectiveness when exposed to your digestive system. Infusion therapy is an alternative when there's no comparable oral therapy or when you're unable to take oral medication.
If you've ever spent time in a hospital, you possibly had an IV to make sure you stayed hydrated and to have other medications delivered quickly, if needed. That's a type of infusion therapy. So is an insulin pump that releases insulin just under your skin.
Infusion therapy can also be used to provide nutrition, along with many kinds of medications, including:
- blood factors
- growth hormones
- immunoglobulin replacement
- inotropic heart medications
Infusion therapy is also commonly used since it allows for controlled dosing. Some kinds of chemotherapy, for example, need to be dripped slowly into the bloodstream. Other medications have to reach the bloodstream quickly in life-and-death situations such as:
- anaphylactic shock
- heart attack
What kinds of conditions is it used for?
Chemotherapy is a common treatment for many kinds of cancer. While some chemotherapies are given orally, many must be given with an IV. Sometimes, chemotherapy drugs are injected into the spine or to a specific part of the body.
Infusion therapy allows for the delivery of chemotherapy drugs straight into your bloodstream. It also enables you to receive anti-nausea and other medications without the need for additional needles.
Infusion therapy isn't just for cancer, however. It's also used in the treatment of:
- autoimmune disorders
- congestive heart failure
- immune deficiencies
- infections that are unresponsive to oral antibiotics
- It can deliver powerful medicines for problems such as:
- Crohn's disease
- ulcerative colitis
- psoriatic arthritis
- rheumatoid arthritis
It can also provide medications for a wide variety of conditions. Here are just a few:
- blood clotting factors for hemophilia
- immunoglobulin replacement therapy for hypergammaglobulinemia
- a "cocktail" of medications for migraine
- corticosteroids and other medications for multiple sclerosis
- platelet-rich plasma for osteoarthritis
- bisphosphonates for osteoporosis
- insulin for type 1 diabetes
- hypercoagulation disorders that can create blood clots
- severe infections such as cellulitis, pneumonia, and sepsis
What can you anticipate?
IV infusion therapy usually occurs in a clinical setting, such as a physician's office, hospital, outpatient facility, or infusion center. Some types of infusion therapy can be given by healthcare providers in the home.
Each IV session means new needle sticks. So, if you're expected to require multiple IV therapy sessions, your doctor might suggest alternatives to a standard IV line. Central lines can be inserted into your chest, arm, neck, or groin and remain for an extended time.
Another option is to have a port surgically embedded under your skin. In future treatments, the needle can be inserted into the port to access the vein without sticking you. The port will be surgically removed after you've finished all your treatments.
Whatever the setting, IV therapy is administered by nurses or other qualified medical professionals. The procedure requires careful monitoring, so if the procedure is going to take more than a few minutes, there is generally some kind of control mechanism attached to the line to guarantee proper delivery. Regular or remote surveillance always accompanies infusion therapy.
- Depending on the medication, it might be pre-prepared or prepared just prior to use.
- A needle will be inserted into the port or a suitable vein, usually in the arm. A tube will connect it to an IV bag holding the medication. The bag will be hung to make sure that the solution drips into your bloodstream. Depending on your particular treatment, you might need multiple IV bags.
- The length of each treatment depends on the medication and your particular condition. It could take 30 minutes or a few hours.
- You'll typically receive plenty of fluids, so don't be surprised if you need to go to the bathroom. You'll be able to bring the IV pole with you, but make sure to tell those monitoring you first.
- Once the medication dispenses, the catheter will be removed.
The bottom line
Infusion therapy is the administration of medication or fluids in a controlled procedure. It's done usually intravenously or subcutaneously.
Because the timing can be controlled, it's used to provide chemotherapy drugs and various other medications that need to enter your system slowly. It can also be used to deliver drugs into your bloodstream quickly in the case of a life threatening emergency.
Infusion therapy is used to give lots of treatments for a wide variety of conditions. It's usually provided by nurses or other qualified healthcare providers, generally in a clinical setting.
Speak with your healthcare provider about the possible benefits and risks of infusion therapy, and what you can do to make it as safe and effective as possible.
For more information about Dr. Linette's practice and IV Therapy in San Marcos, California, contact us at 760-875-2627 or visit our website at LinetteWilliamson.com and schedule your appointment today!